- Keywords = science & medicine
The Language of Botany: being a Dictionary of the Terms made use of in that Science, principally by Linneus: with Familiar Explanations, and an Attempt to Establish Significant English Terms. The whole Interspersed with Critical Remarks.
London: for B. and J. White,
First edition. The Language of Botany was reprinted in 1796. Martyn was Cambridge professor of botany for sixty-three years and the first reader of botany… (more)
First edition. The Language of Botany was reprinted in 1796. Martyn was Cambridge professor of botany for sixty-three years and the first reader of botany following the foundation of the Cambridge botanical garden. Henrey, British botanical and horticultural Literature before 1800, 1026(see full details)
LOUDON, J[ohn] C[laudius].
An Encyclopaedia of Gardening; comprising the Theory and Practice of Horticulture, Floriculture, Arboriculture, and Landscape-Gardening... illustrated with many hundred engravings on wood by Branston.
London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green,
Second (revised) edition (the first of 1822). Loudon’s was one of the most widely read gardening encyclopaedias of the Victorian era and ran to at… (more)
Second (revised) edition (the first of 1822). Loudon’s was one of the most widely read gardening encyclopaedias of the Victorian era and ran to at east six editions, covering plant culture, botany, garden design, and an international survey and history of gardening.(see full details)More details Price: £175.00
HIBBERD, [James] Shirley.
The Amateur’s Greenhouse and Conservatory; a complete Guide to the Construction, Heating, and Management of Greenhouses and Conservatories, and the Selection, Propagation, Cultivation, and Improvement of Plants adapted for growing therein... a new edition.
London: W.H. and L. Collingridge, [n.d.,
First published in 1873 and reprinted several times. (more)
First published in 1873 and reprinted several times.(see full details)More details Price: £60.00
‘Histories of the Tête-à-Tète annexed; or, Memoirs of the Circumnavigator and Miss B—n’ [chapter title in] The Town and Country Magazine; or, Universal Repository of Knowledge, Instruction, and Entertainment for September 1773.
London: for A. Hamilton,
The short article plays on Banks’s youthful reputation at Oxford, his curiosity for the natural world and his experiences in the South Seas: ‘As nature… (more)
The short article plays on Banks’s youthful reputation at Oxford, his curiosity for the natural world and his experiences in the South Seas: ‘As nature has been his constant study, it cannot be supposed that the most engaging part of it, the fair sex, have escaped his notice; and if we may be suffered to conclude from his amorous descriptions, the females of most of the countries he has visited, have undergone every critical inspection by him...’ The plate is described in BM Satires 5146.(see full details)More details Price: £750.00
A new and easy Guide to the use of the Globes; and the Rudiments of Geography. Wherein the Knowledge of the Heavens and Earth is made easy to the meanest Capacity: First, by giving a concise Account of the four Quarters of the World, with the Distance and Situation of the principal Islands and inland Places; and Secondly, by the Solution of upwards of Seventy useful Problems, in Geography, Astronomy, Navigation, and Dialling... the sixth edition...
London: for S. Crowder,
Fenning’s popular Guide to the Use of the Globes first appeared in 1760 and ran to numerous editions. It was regularly used in schools, notably… (more)
Fenning’s popular Guide to the Use of the Globes first appeared in 1760 and ran to numerous editions. It was regularly used in schools, notably that of Joseph Moon of Salisbury, who made improvements and additions to later editions, including our sixth edition. The identity of this copy’s early owner is not certain, but Barbara Priestman is a sufficiently uncommon name to make a tentative connection with a Quaker of that name who died at Pontefract (Yorks) in 1837 and was born around 1781. The same Barbara may have been among several members of the Priestman family to subscribe to the British and Foreign Bible Society in 1812 via the York Auxiliary Society.(see full details)
(LONGITUDE. JOHN HARRISON).
An Act for the Encouragement of John Harrison, to publish and make known his Invention of a Machine or Watch, for the Discovery of the Longitude at Sea.
London: Mark Baskett, Printer to the King’s most Excellent Majesty; and by the Assigns of Robert Baskett,
First edition of this important act acknowledging the success of John Harrison’s ‘H4’ chronometer in the accurate calculation of longitude, among the most important scientific… (more)
First edition of this important act acknowledging the success of John Harrison’s ‘H4’ chronometer in the accurate calculation of longitude, among the most important scientific breakthroughs of the eighteenth century. ‘And whereas the Utility of the Invention of the said John Harrison has been proved by a late Voyage to Jamaica, under the Directions of the Commissioners of the Longitude; And whereas the said Commissioners at their Meeting on the Seventeenth Day of August last did adjudge, that by the Trial made of the said Instrument, it was found of considerable Use to the Publick, and did thereupon make an Order for the Payment of the Sum of Two thousand Pounds to the said John Harrison...’
Harrison believed the extraordinary accuracy of his fourth marine chronometer (it lost just five seconds on an 81-day trial to Jamaica) should be enough to win the full £20,000 promised by the British government’s 1714 longitude prize, but the ‘Act for the Encouragement’ insisted on further tests and disclosures. ‘It was intended to enforce the Commissioners’ directions that Harrison make “a full and clear Discovery of the Principles” of his latest timekeeper to eleven named witnesses so that the details could be published in order to allow other clockmakers to reproduce the designs. Once these witnesses or the majority of them certified that Harrison had done so, then the Treasurer of the Navy was to pay the clockmaker £5000...’ (Baker). The 1763 Act for the Encouragement is the first official government acknowledgement that the revolutionary H4 chronometer had succeeded, but it took Harrison most of the rest of his life to extract the prize money from the Board of Longitude, despite his publication of An Account of the Proceedings in order to the Discovery of Longitude in 1763 (see Printing and the Mind of Man, 208).
Several copies of this act have appeared at auction in recent years (notably the Streeter Library copy sold by Christie’s in New York for $14,400 in 2007) almost always physically disbound from complete sessional volumes of the Acts of Parliament. Though separately published with a general title (as here) individual acts were almost always bound together in yearly volumes as their pagination dictated — our copy is preserved in such a yearly volume with 24 other acts. Acts of this era were printed in limited numbers, usually estimated at around 1100 copies only. Baker, ‘Longitude Acts’ in Longitude Essays, Cambridge Digital Library, accessed June 2021. ESTC records just 8 copies of the act (3 in the UK, 5 in the US) and Worldcat adds a small handful more, though copies are under-recorded since they are often (especially in the UK) catalogued within volumes and sets of the Acts of Parliament.(see full details)More details Price: £3,000.00
(ANDERSON, Patrick). George ANTHONY and LE BRUN et RENAULT, Père et Fils.
Grana angelica; ou Véritables pilules écossaises, laissées à la postérité par le Docteur Patrice Anderson, d’Edimbourg, Médecin de Charles I, Roi d’Angleterre; desquelles Charles II saisoit sa médicine ordinaire. Préparées avec fidélité par G. Anthony, demeurent à l’enseigne des armes d’Angleterre.
A rare French broadside advertising the virtues of ‘Scotch Pills’ or ‘Grana angelica’ invented by the seventeenth-century Edinburgh physician Patrick Anderson which continued to be… (more)
A rare French broadside advertising the virtues of ‘Scotch Pills’ or ‘Grana angelica’ invented by the seventeenth-century Edinburgh physician Patrick Anderson which continued to be popular in Scotland, England and France well into the nineteenth century. The long text in 12 chapters outlines the supposed virtues of the pills as a cure for almost any complaint. This French version imitates the English broadsides of the second half of the eighteenth century (there are several in ESTC) which themselves mimicked the form of Royal proclamations with woodcut arms at the head. It also reproduces the purported trademark of Anderson and his successor Isabelle Inglish which seems to have been pirated as often as the pills themselves.
‘Some time after 1625 Anderson was appointed physician to Charles I. In 1635 he published in Edinburgh Grana angelica, a treatise in Latin which puffed his mild aperient pills, made with aloes, colocynth, and gamboge, and pronounced a sovereign remedy for cleansing the system after carouses. Anderson claimed to have brought the formula of the pill back from a trip to Venice about 1603. Although this formula was allegedly deposited in the Rolls House, Edinburgh, to protect his proprietary rights, attempts to trace the document there have proved unsuccessful. Charles II was said to have constantly used the pills, known as Scots Pills, as his ordinary medicine’.(see full details)
CHASSENEUZ, Barthélemy de.
Catalogus gloriae mundi... In quo multa praeclara de praerogatiuis, praeeminentijs, maioritate, praestantijs, & excellentijs, continentur... Opus ad omnes publicas et quotidianas actiones dirigendas, controuersiasq́ue grauissimas dissoluendas, perquàm vtilissimum : in XII. libros diuisum. Nunc denuo accuratissime emendatum, ac nouis figuris elegantissime illustratum: ita vt facilè omnes caeteras editiones antecellere possit.
Frankfurt: Sigmund Feyerabend,
A spectacular renaissance illustrated book, the first edition with the detailed and dramatic double-page etched plates by Jost Amman. First published at Lyon in 1529… (more)
A spectacular renaissance illustrated book, the first edition with the detailed and dramatic double-page etched plates by Jost Amman. First published at Lyon in 1529 with single-page woodcuts (reprinted with the same woodcuts in 1546) there were also Venice editions of 1569, 1571 and 1576 with quarter-page woodcuts.
A vast encyclopaedic work, the Catalogus gloriae mundi sought to set out the hierarchy of creation —animate and inanimate, from the heavens themselves to the governments, laws and sciences of humanity. Its particular value was in setting out orders of precedency and protocol in law and ceremony, which probably accounts for its interest to publisher Sigmund Feyerabend, who enlisted Amman to create large emblematic plates for this edition, derived from the earlier woodcut illustrations. They are:
1. A genealogy with insignia of royal houses (including European houses and those of Persia, Egypt, Israel etc); 2. Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden; 3. a mandala depicting the ranks of the hierarchy of the heavens; 4. a sitting of the papal court; 5. an imperial council; 6. a regal council; 7. a judicial court; 8. the nobility; 9. the military ranks; 10. The liberal arts and sciences (14 female personifications); 11. the mechanical arts (7 female personifications); 12. a geocentric cosmography. Andresen, A. Jost Amman, 32-43; The New Hollstein: German Engravings, Etchings and Woodcuts 1400-1700, 1998, VI.144. A very scarce book. Worldcat lists non-European copies at Folger, Getty and Huntington libraries only.(see full details)More details Price: £5,000.00
Les grands effets merveilleux de l’Acupuncture.
[Paris]: Cheyère [and Mantoux], [n.d., c.
A rare and amusing satire on the practice of acupunture ― much in vogue among certain Parisian doctors in the early nineteenth century. A sickly… (more)
A rare and amusing satire on the practice of acupunture ― much in vogue among certain Parisian doctors in the early nineteenth century. A sickly male patient is receiving a doctor’s needles, the longest of which is seemingly destined for his heart; a young woman in a bonnet seems unimpressed with her needles (one pierces her tongue); while a young man throws down a set of crutches. On the wall behind hangs a painting of the martrydom of Saint Sebastian. Though known in France since the seventeenth century, acupuncture was revived in the decades after 1800 — Doctor Louis-Joseph Berlioz (1776–1858, the composer’s father) claimed to have used it successfully in 1810 and published a paper on the subject, while Jules Cloquet published his influential Traité de l’acupuncture in 1826.(see full details)
The print was listed in the Bibliographie de France for 1825 (p. 172). It was published by Mantoux and Cheyère (cf. the Paris Musée Carnavalet copy) though in our example Mantoux’s name has been cancelled in the imprint line.More details Price: £1,200.00
[ARTUS, Thomas, sieur d’Embry].
Les Hermaphrodites. [L’Isle des Hermaphrodites nouvellement descouverte. Avec les moeurs, loix, coustume & ordonances des habitans d’icelle].
[N.p ?France, N.d. c.
First edition of Artus’s satire on Henri III of France (assassinated in 1589) who was reputedly fond of cross-dressing and whose court was widely criticised… (more)
First edition of Artus’s satire on Henri III of France (assassinated in 1589) who was reputedly fond of cross-dressing and whose court was widely criticised for decadence and immorality.
Les Hermaphrodites describes a realm populated by men who dress as women, not strictly hermaphrodite but preoccupied by dress, hairstyle, makeup, extravagant gesture and speech. Also concerned with the laws and customs of the hermaphrodite kingdom, the satire operates by presenting Henri’s court as both dissolute and against nature. In so doing it reflects in great detail contemporary attitudes (both positive and negative) to gender-blurring of any sort, whether social or sexual. At one point, for example, Artus writes ironically that cross-dressing was perfectly permissible: ‘Chacun pourra s’abiller à sa fantasie, pourveu que ce soit bravement, superbement, & sans aucune distinction ny consideration de sa qualité ou faculté’, thus combining his disapproval with a suggestion of the negation of natural order or rank.
The engraved title depicts a figure of ambiguous gender (perhaps Henri himself) in male breeches, but full-hipped, with a suggestion of female breasts and a floral coiffe, with the legend ‘A tous accords’. Below it is the text:
‘Je ne suis masle ny femelle
Et sy je suis bien en ceruelle
Le quell des deux je doibs choisir
Mais qu’importe à qui on ressamble
Il vault mieux les avoir ensemble
On en reçoit double Plaisir.’
Henri’s sexuality was the subject of numerous contemporary satires. His taste for cross-dressing was well-known and his sexual orientation a matter of speculation, since he enjoyed close relationships with his male mignons (providing plenty of ammunition for moralistic detractors) but also well-publicised affairs with a succession of mistresses.
The second part of the book is Discours de Jacophile a Limne. Les Hermaphrodites was republished in 1724 with the title Description de l’isle des Hermaphrodites. This reprint is comparatively common, while the first edition is notably rare.
The arms of the contemporary binding are of the Clausse de Marchaumont family, probably those of courtier Henri (d. 1613), the eldest son of Henry II’s secreatary of state Cosme Clausse, who served as Henry III’s ambassador to the Swiss states.(see full details)More details Price: £6,000.00
Florilège [spine title].
A curious florilegium, with extensive lithographed devotional text, presumably after the handwriting of author (’Jean, prêtre’) and a series of handcoloured lithographs. The latter include… (more)
A curious florilegium, with extensive lithographed devotional text, presumably after the handwriting of author (’Jean, prêtre’) and a series of handcoloured lithographs. The latter include 31 of flowers (marigold, violet, primula, iris, cornflower, honeysuckle etc) which are paired with a description and devotional meditation on the opposite page. The others depict a hermit, a memento mori, a decorative contents list and (at the end) women in a religious procession with a banner. At least one them is signed ‘Jean’. The prefatory text is from Chateaubriand’s Le Martyrs: ‘En achevant ces mots, Zacharie s’arrêta, me montra le ciel où nous devions nous retrouver un jour, et, sans me laisser le temps de me jeter à ses pieds, il me quitta après m’avoir donné sa dernière leçon. C’est ainsi que Jésus-Christ dont il imite l’exemple, se plaisoit à instruire ses disciples, en se promenant au bord du lac de Génésareth, et faisoit parler l'herbe des champs et le lis de la vallée’.
Although marked ‘Deposé’ on the first leaf, we have been unable to find any other copies or record of its publication. It was presumably printed in very small numbers.(see full details)More details Price: £450.00
London: H[annah] Humphrey, Jan 28
One of a set of three Gillray prints of medical conditions that were also astute studies in facial expression.
The printer, Hannah Humphrey, is an interesting… (more)
One of a set of three Gillray prints of medical conditions that were also astute studies in facial expression.
The printer, Hannah Humphrey, is an interesting figure. Known as ‘Mrs Humphrey’ although she was unmarried, she was sister of printer William Humphrey from whose address in St Martin's Lane she published her first prints. She became the leading publisher of expensive satirical prints, especially by Gillray who worked for her exclusively from 1791, and who lived in her house for the last twenty years of his life. ‘The two lived together in circumstances of domestic intimacy for many years, but so discreetly that the prurient gossips of the next generation could find little to say against them. When Gillray made his will in 1807 he left all his possessions 'to my dearest friend Hannah Humphrey' (Oxford DNB). BM Satires 10304.(see full details)
Stereoskopischer gerichtsärztlicher Atlas.
Breslau: Schlesische Verlags-Anstalt v. S. Schottlaender,
First edition of a pioneering work in the field of forensic medicine, the graphic images depict numerous conditions resulting from homicidal and suicidal injuries. The… (more)
First edition of a pioneering work in the field of forensic medicine, the graphic images depict numerous conditions resulting from homicidal and suicidal injuries. The grisly and powerful photographs show skull and bone fractures, the impact of gunshot wounds, burns, injuries caused by stabbings, the effects of hanging and so on. Each set of 50 plates is accompanied by a booklet providing details of each image and the important features from the legal-medico cases from which the photographs have been obtained. Heidtmann, Bibliographie der Photographie: Deutschsprachige Publikationen, 14062. OCLC locates 4 US copies and no UK copies.(see full details)More details Price: £2,500.00
ENNIS, William Duane.
Flying Machines Today.
New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 'Sold by Crosby Lockwood and Son' [London] stamped to title page
First edition, British issue, with Crosby Lockwood and Sons stamp, adverts and variant binding. An important pre-Great War account, extensively illustrated and with a final… (more)
First edition, British issue, with Crosby Lockwood and Sons stamp, adverts and variant binding. An important pre-Great War account, extensively illustrated and with a final chapter on aerial warfare and its potential(see full details)
(COCKTAILS). GROHUSKO, J. A.
Jack’s Manual on the Vintage and Production, Care and Handling of Wines, Liquors, etc. A Handbook of Information for Home, Club, or Hotel. Recipes for fancy mixed Drinks and when and how to serve.
New York: [McClunn & Co for] the author,
A classic pre-Prohibition American cocktail book. Jacob ‘Jack’ Grohusko was the head bartender at Baracca’s restaurant in New York, having been born in England to… (more)
A classic pre-Prohibition American cocktail book. Jacob ‘Jack’ Grohusko was the head bartender at Baracca’s restaurant in New York, having been born in England to a Russian Jewish family and brought to New York as an infant. Jack’s Manual has 17 pages on the different types of wine (particularly champagne, sauternes and burgundies) and liquor, and 61 pages of recipes for cocktails.
This 1910 edition was preceded by a very rare 1908 edition (NLM and LC only in Worldcat). Jack’s was the first cocktail book to include the Brooklyn, perhaps his own creation, and several others which would be immortalised in the much later Savoy Cocktail Book (1930).(see full details)More details Price: £900.00
(SAINT LOUIS). Guillaume-Germain GUYOT.
Panegyrique de Saint Louis, roi de France, prononcé devant Messieurs de l’Académie royale des inscriptions & belles-lettres, & Messieurs de l’Académie royale des sciences, dans l’eglise des PP. de l’Oratoire, le 25 août 1758.
Paris: Bernard Brunet, imprimeur de l’Académie Françoise,
First edition, preserved in its contemporary wrapper. A panegyric given on the Feast of Saint Louis, patron saint of France in the church, to members… (more)
First edition, preserved in its contemporary wrapper. A panegyric given on the Feast of Saint Louis, patron saint of France in the church, to members of the Académies royales in the church of the Oratoire. Worldcat: Newberry and Michigan only outside France.(see full details)More details Price: £450.00
Table des quarres et des cubes, et de leurs racines représentées par les nombres naturels depuis l'unité jusqu’à dix mille.
Paris: Firmin Didot,
First separate edition of Seguin’s tables of squares and cubes designed for architects and for other practical purposes. The tables were originally issued as an… (more)
First separate edition of Seguin’s tables of squares and cubes designed for architects and for other practical purposes. The tables were originally issued as an appendix to his Manuel d’architecture (1786) Worldcat: Cornell and Brigham Young only.(see full details)More details Price: £300.00
DEMONVILLE, Antoine Louis Guénard.
Mémoire explicatif des phénomènes de l’aiguille aimantée, pour faire suite à la Question de Longitude sur mer au moyen d’une sphère-pendule par Demonville.
Paris: [Bacquenois et Appert] chez l’auteur,
First separate edition, with a large folding plate depicting a planisphere built to desmonstrate the author’s alternative astronomical system.
Demonville had been a printer (son… (more)
First separate edition, with a large folding plate depicting a planisphere built to desmonstrate the author’s alternative astronomical system.(see full details)
Demonville had been a printer (son of a printer to the Académie française) but diversified as a maker of globes and scientific instruments after losing his licence to print in Paris. In the year of publication, he acquired notoriety as an astronomical crank who denied the systems of Copernicus, Galileo, Newton, Halley and Herschel. His planispehere demonstrates his alternative cosmos ― with the earth, the sun and the moon the only genuine astronomical bodies (the moon 250 leagues from the earth and the sun just 1500), the earth not rotating (merely ‘nodding’ a little over the course of a year), the stars affixed to a crystalline sphere and the planets with no corporeal existence. Demonville hawked his system around Paris and London (with both his books and instruments), even obtaining an audience with William III, who had to ask the Royal Society for their opinion. With his longitude pamphlets, such as ours, he sought to obtain prizes from the Societies of Paris and London but he was pilloried in the press and his ideas were roundly dismissed.
This pamphlet though here separately issued (with its own title-page and errata leaf forming a wrapper) was also issued simultaneously as a suite to the author’s Question de longitude sur mer (1833). The final 4 leaves are adverts for the author’s controversial mechanical planispheres, one of which is illustrated in the very large folding plate. Both issues rare.More details Price: £1,800.00
WORGAN, John Dawes.
Select Poems, &c. by the late John Dawes Worgan, of Bristol, who died on the 25th of July 1809, aged nineteen Years. To which are added some Particulars of his Life and Character, by an early Friend and Associate; with a Preface by William Hayley Esq.
London: [S. Gosnell for] Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme,
First edition of this collection of verse by the young tutor to Edward Jenner’s children, which also contains journal extracts, together with addresses and verses… (more)
First edition of this collection of verse by the young tutor to Edward Jenner’s children, which also contains journal extracts, together with addresses and verses on the benefits of vaccination. Worgan (1790-1809) was ‘a consumptive boy of precocious ability whom Jenner took into his household, nominally as a tutor to his sons.’ Jackson, p. 344.(see full details)
Les Mondes imaginaires et les mondes réels. Voyage pittoresque dans le ciel... septième èdition.
Paris: Librairie académique Didier et Compagnie, Gauthier-Villars,
First published in 1865 and hugely popular, this copy of the seventh edition is from the library of Napoleon III. (more)
First published in 1865 and hugely popular, this copy of the seventh edition is from the library of Napoleon III.(see full details)More details Price: £200.00