- Keywords = science & medicine
(AVIATION). (GREEN, Charles.)
Ballooning! Ballooning! Ballooning! Cremorne Gardens, Chelsea... the first and only Benefit ever taken by Mr Green, the Aeronaut, will take place on Monday next Sept. 1st, 1845... Mr Green will ascend at half-past Five o’Clock, in the Great Nassau Balloon!
[London:] S. G. Fairbrother, [
Charles Green was the most celebrated British balloonist of the nineteenth century. In 1836 he made a record-breaking flight from London’s Vauxhall Gardens, across the… (more)
Charles Green was the most celebrated British balloonist of the nineteenth century. In 1836 he made a record-breaking flight from London’s Vauxhall Gardens, across the English Channel, landing at Weilburg in Nassau, Germany, giving rise to the name of the ‘Royal Nassau Balloon’. The handbill explains the reason for this benefit flight undertaken by Green in the Great Nassau Balloon in a long newspaper extract. He had made an ascent from Vauxhall on August 20th but had crashed near Gravesend (’Mr. Green received several bruises, and had a narrow escape from a dreadful death’) and his other balloon (The Albion) was torn to shreds. The wreckage was displayed at Cremorne Gardens as an attraction ‘for the inspection of the curious and scientific’(see full details)
Traité des Eunuques, dans lequel on explique toutes les différentes sortes d’eunuques... On éxamine principalement s’ils sont propres au mariage, & s’il leur doit être permis de se marier...
First edition of this extraordinary treatise on the status of eunuchs in society, according to civil and canon law. Largely based on classical sources, history… (more)
First edition of this extraordinary treatise on the status of eunuchs in society, according to civil and canon law. Largely based on classical sources, history and (most interestingly) anecdotal evidence from the Orient, Ancillon considers the reasons for the phenomenon (including slavery, household, employment or punishment for sexual misdemeanour). The major contention is that while civil law permits a eunuch to marry, canon law should forbid it (as it did) on the grounds that a marriage could not be consummated. Along the way Ancillon recounts numerous anecdotes of famous eunuchs, notably Abelard, castrated at the instigation of Heloise’s family.
The book was later translated into English by Robert Samber as part of Edmund Curll’s Eunuchism display’d (1718).
This copy of Traité des Eunuques is one of at least two issues of the same year with slightly different paginations and title ornaments. The ‘Epitre dedicatoire’ is signed: ‘C. d’Ollincan’ an anagram of the author’s real name. Gay III, 1239.(see full details)More details Price: £500.00
Late eighteenth- or early nineteenth-century.
This portrait is a naive interpretation of the classic image of Ramon Llull (c. 1232- c. 1315), Catalan mystic and mathematician. It is derived from… (more)
This portrait is a naive interpretation of the classic image of Ramon Llull (c. 1232- c. 1315), Catalan mystic and mathematician. It is derived from the engraved portrait which first appeared in the seventeenth century Bibliotheca Chalcographia published by Jacques Boissard and Theodor de Bry in 1664.(see full details)More details Price: £450.00
The Bees. A Poem. From the fourteenth Book of Vaniere’s Prædium rusticum...
London: Printed for F. and C. Rivington...
First edition: a rare poem on the behaviour and cultivation of bees, copiously and diversely annotated with references to bees in Classical literature; crocodile anatomy;… (more)
First edition: a rare poem on the behaviour and cultivation of bees, copiously and diversely annotated with references to bees in Classical literature; crocodile anatomy; Jesuit activity in South America, etc. Murphy was a close friend of Samuel Johnson, also to the Thrales, to whose sixth child, Susanna Arabella, he dedicates the present work. British Bee Books 157. ESTC locates 9 copies, of which only three in America (Library Company of Philadelphia, Minnesota, Yale).(see full details)More details Price: £950.00
The English Garden: a Poem. Book the first... The second Edition...
London printed: and sold by R. Horsefield... T. Cadell... G. Riley... and H. Denoyer... also by W. Tessyman, in York.
—————. The English Garden: a Poem. Book the second... York: Printed by A. Ward; and sold by J. Dodsley... T. Cadell... and H. Denoyer...… (more)
—————. The English Garden: a Poem. Book the second... York: Printed by A. Ward; and sold by J. Dodsley... T. Cadell... and H. Denoyer... London; also by J. Todd... York. 1777. [and:]
—————. The English Garden: a Poem. Book the third... London: Printed by H. Goldney, for J. Dodsley... and T. Cadell... and sold by J. Todd... York. 1779. [And:]
—————. The English Garden: a Poem. Book the fourth... York Printed by A. Ward: and sold by J. Dodsley... T. Cadell... and R. Fauldner... London; and J. Todd, in York. 1781.
4 parts in one vol., 4to (255 × 203 mm), pp. , 35, ; , 33, ; 32; , 54, plus final blank; without the half-titles to second and third parts, the general title to the fourth part, and final advertisement leaf to the second part; some spotting in places; crease to title of first part; recent half leather, cloth sides.(see full details)
Second edition of the first part, first editions of the other three. A rare collection, Mason’s ‘magnum opus, The English Garden (4 books, 1772–81), over 2400 lines of blank verse based on Virgil’s Georgics, a didactic poem concerning landscape, art, and gardening’ (Oxford DNB). The intersection of these three arts were a defining feature of late eighteenth-century aesthetics, Horace Walpole writing in 1773: ‘Poetry, Painting and Gardening, or the science of Landscape, will forever by men of Taste be deemed Three Sisters, or the “Three New Graces” who dress and adorn Nature’. Jackson, pp. 13, 53, 71, and 86; Gaskell 20, 24, and 26.
Il Latte. An Elegy.
London: Printed for J. Dodsley...
First edition. Edward Jerningham’s anonymously published imitation of Gray's Elegy, Il Latte takes a positive view of breastfeeding among mothers and censures the fashion among… (more)
First edition. Edward Jerningham’s anonymously published imitation of Gray's Elegy, Il Latte takes a positive view of breastfeeding among mothers and censures the fashion among the better-off for putting children out to nurse. ‘The purport of this poem with this affected title, is to exhort mothers to nurse their children at their own breasts; and nothing certainly can be more proper or more natural. If strains like these, ye matrons, can have any influence upon you; let it not be in vain that the poet says, Unsway’d by fashion’s dull, unseemly jest, / Still to your bosom that your infant cling, / There banquet off an ever-welcome guest, / Unblamed inebriate at that healthful spring’ (Monthly Review).
‘That sacred shrine! where female virtue glows,
Where ev’n the Graces all their treasures bring,
And where the lily, temper'd with the rose,
Harmonious contrast! breathes an Eden spring:
That shrine! where Nature with presaging aim,(see full details)
What time her friendly aid Lucina brings,
The snowy nectar pours, delightful stream!
Where flutt’ring Cupids dip their purple wings’.More details Price: £450.00
Oeuvres d’Hippocrate. Aphorismes, traduits d'après la collation de vingt-deux manuscrits, et des interprètes orientaux par Lefebvre de Villebrune.
Paris: Théophile Barrois,
First edition of this French translation by doctor and philologist Lefebvre de Villebrune. (more)
First edition of this French translation by doctor and philologist Lefebvre de Villebrune.(see full details)More details Price: £300.00
The Tutor’s Assistant; being a compendium of Arithmetic, and a complete Question-book. Containing, I. Arithmetic in whole Numbers; being a brief Explanation of all its Rules, in a New and more concise Method than any hitherto published; with an Application to each Rule, consisting of a large Variety of Questions in real Business, with their Answers annexed. II. Vulgar Fractions, which are treated with a great deal of Plainness and Perspicuity, III. Decimals, with the Extraction of the Square, Cube, and Biquadrate Roots, after a very plain and familiar Manner; in which are set down Rules for the easy Calculation of Interest, Annuities, and Pensions in Arrear, the present Worth of Annuities, &c. either by Simple or Compound Interest. IV. Duodecimals, or Multiplication of Feet and Inches, with Examples applied to measuring and working by Multiplication, Practice, and Decimals. V. The Mensuration of Circles. VI. A collection of questions set down promiscuously, for the greater Trial of the foregoing Rules. To which are added, a new and very short method of extracting the cube-root, and a General Table for the ready calculating the Interest of any Sum of Money, at any Rate per Cent. likewise Rents, Salaries, &c. The whole being adapted either as a Question-Book for the Use of Schools, or as a Remembrancer and Instructor to such as have some Knowledge therein. This Work having been perused by several eminent Mathematicians and Accomptants, is recommended as the best Compendium hitherto published for the Use of Schools, or for private Persons... A new edition. Corrected, and every question worked anew, by T. Crosby, Head-Master of the Charity-School, York.
York: printed by and for T. Wilson and R. Spence,
First published in 1751, The Tutor’s Assistant became one of the best-selling mathematical books for over a century. ‘An incomplete listing comprises 276 editions, the… (more)
First published in 1751, The Tutor’s Assistant became one of the best-selling mathematical books for over a century. ‘An incomplete listing comprises 276 editions, the last in 1885... The York editions, starting in 1797, were corrected by Thomas Crosby of that city’ (Wallis in Oxford DNB).’ Crosby also published a popular Key to the book, which itself ran to many editions.
‘This book is by far the most used of all school-books, and deserves to stand high among them’ (De Morgan, Arithmetical Books, 1847, 80, cited by Wallis). Of the numerous provincial editions ESTC often records only a handful of copies. Of this issue it lists copies at BL and National Library of Scotland and another in a private collection. Another York issue of the same year (with imprint ‘by T. Wilson and R. Spence’) is held by the BL only.(see full details)More details Price: £250.00
HUES, Robert. D[enis] HENRION, translator.
Traicté des globes, et de leur usage. Traduict du Latin de Robert Hues, et augmenté de plusieurs nottes & operations du compas de proportion, par D. Henrion, mathematicien.
Paris: Abraham Pacard,
First edition in French of Tractatus de globis (1594), an important navigational work originally dedicated to Sir Walter Raleigh. Hues had studied at Oxford where… (more)
First edition in French of Tractatus de globis (1594), an important navigational work originally dedicated to Sir Walter Raleigh. Hues had studied at Oxford where he became acquainted with Richard Hakluyt and later, Walter Raleigh and Thomas Harriot, before taking part in a voyage to Newfoundland. In five parts, the book describes the practical uses of the globes designed by Molyneux and, especially, how mariners could find the sun’s position, latitude, course and distance, amplitudes and azimuths, and time and declination. The fifth part describes the use of rhumb lines in navigation.
The translation is by Denis Henrion, the Paris mathematician remembered for his edition of the works of Viète and for the introduction of the calculating device known as the proportional compass to France. Henrion’s is a faithful translation with numerous interpolations of his own (indicated by italics). In these, Henrion adds several practical details to the methods of calculation but also takes the opportunity to advertise his Cosmographie, which was not to appear until two years later. At several points he affirms Hues’ text while stating ‘comme nous avons enseigné en nostre Cosmographie.’ The notes on the operation of the proportional compass promised by the title are confined to very sparse remarks on how a lengthy calculation, for example, could be achieved simply with the compass. They would appear to be an attempt to advertise another of Henrion’s works, Usage du compas de proportion (also 1618) and perhaps the instruments themselves. Copac lists no UK copies. Worldcat lists US copies at Folger, Harvard, Illinois, Minnesota and Brown. Copies of the same year are known with the imprint ‘Michel Daniel’ and identical pagination, primacy, if any is not established.(see full details)More details Price: £800.00
Paneros. Some words on aphrodisiacs and the like.
Florence: [Tipografia Giuntina] ‘privately printed for subscribers by G. Orioli, Lungarno Corsini’, [
First edition, privately printed. The limitation notice reads ‘This Edition is issued to Subscribers only and limited to two hundred and fifty copies, numbered and… (more)
First edition, privately printed. The limitation notice reads ‘This Edition is issued to Subscribers only and limited to two hundred and fifty copies, numbered and signed by the Author. The price will be doubled after first of March, 1931’. This copy is, however, unsigned and unnumbered. The work forms issue no. 5 of The Lugano Series.
‘From 1920 until 1937 Douglas was settled in Florence... As his fame grew, he became much visited by inter-war writers, and forged close friendships with D. H. Lawrence and Bryher. During these years he lived with the publisher Giuseppe (Pino) Orioli, who helped him publish several limited editions, most of which were later commercially published in London... In 1937 Douglas was forced to flee Florence after the police made enquiries concerning his friendship with a ten-year-old local girl’ (Katherine Mullin in Oxford DNB).(see full details)More details Price: £75.00
Internationales Wörterbuch der Pflanzennamen in Lateinischer, Deutscher, Englischer und Französischer Sprache. Zum Gebrauche für Botaniker, insbesondere für Handelsgärtner, Landwirthe, Forstbeflissene und Pharmaceuten. [facing titles in French and English].
Leipzig: Heinrich Schmidt,
First edition of this Latin-German-English-French dictionary of plant names for farming, horticulture, forestry and pharmacy. It became a standard botanical dictionary and ran to several… (more)
First edition of this Latin-German-English-French dictionary of plant names for farming, horticulture, forestry and pharmacy. It became a standard botanical dictionary and ran to several editions.(see full details)More details Price: £35.00
(DOGS and CATS.)
Hunde und Katzen. Erzählungen und Anekdoten, als Beiträge zur Charakteristik dieser beiden Hausthiere.
Ludwigsburg: ‘Auf Kosten des Herausgebers’: C.F. Rast’schen,
First edition. A rare little collection for animal-lovers, with over 60 anecdotes illustrating the characteristics of dogs (mainly) and cats, with titles such as ‘The… (more)
First edition. A rare little collection for animal-lovers, with over 60 anecdotes illustrating the characteristics of dogs (mainly) and cats, with titles such as ‘The faithful poodle’, ‘Siberian sledge-dogs’, ‘The surgeon and the dog’, ‘Strange punishment by a poodle’, ‘Remarkable rescue by a dog’, ‘The hunting dog’, ‘The life and times of a pomeranian’. For cat lovers, there are stories such as ‘The amusing education of a cat’ (from Campe’s Kinderbibliothek) and ‘The prisoner and the cat’. Worldcat locates copies at College of William & Mary (VA) and Staatsbibliothek only.(see full details)More details Price: £250.00
Dell’ elettricismo: o sia delle forze elettriche de’ corpi, svelate dalla fisica sperimentale, con un’ ampia dichiarazione della luce ellettrica, sua nature, e maravigliose proprietà; aggiuntevi due dissertazioni attinenti all’ uso medico di tali forze.
Venice: Presso Gio. Battista Recurti,
First edition of one of the earliest works in Italian on electricity and one of the earliest Italian books on any branch of physics to… (more)
First edition of one of the earliest works in Italian on electricity and one of the earliest Italian books on any branch of physics to be written from a Newtonian perspective. Sguario is generally considered the first writer on electricity in Italy: a country which also produced electrical pioneers Aldini, Galvani and Volta. Wheeler Gift 336; Waller 11434; Blake 429.(see full details)More details Price: £900.00
(AVIATION). European Areonautical [sic] Society.
First Aerial Ship, the Eagle, 160 feet long, 50 feet high, and 40 feet wide, manned by a crew of 17, Constructed for establishing direct Communications between the several Capitals of Europe. The first experiment of this new system of Aerial Navigation, will be made from London to Paris and back again.
[London:] Blatch, [
A very rare broadside. The Eagle was ‘an airship designed by the Comte de Lennox in 1834 to create a direct communication link between the… (more)
A very rare broadside. The Eagle was ‘an airship designed by the Comte de Lennox in 1834 to create a direct communication link between the capitals of Europe. The first aerial ship of its kind, it was exhibited in the grounds of the Aeronautical Society in Kensington, London... The ship was cylindrical with conical ends and had eight paddle-shaped flaps, four on either side, which were intended to be worked backwards and forwards manually by a series of cords and chains. However, the airship proved too heavy to lift its own weight and was destroyed by onlookers after a failed ascent from the Champ de Mars, Paris, on 17th August 1834’ (Science Museum, Science and Society Picture Library online). Though several prints and pamphlets accompanied the exhibition of the Eagle, most are very rare. Worldcat lists a single copy: University of Pennsylvania(see full details)More details Price: £700.00
Vollständige Anweisung zu einer sichern, vernünftigen und in Erfahrung stehenden medicinischen Praxi Medica, auss Hrn. D. Friederich Hoffmanns... Scriptis und Manuscriptis mit großem Fleiß verfertigt, zu Berförderung des gemeinen bestens heraus gezogen und in Ordnung gebracht.
Ulm: Daniel B. Sohn,
Second edition (first 1724) of Hoffmann’s “Complete Instruction for a safe, sensible and medically respected practice of medicine”: a very extensive baroque medical compendium.
Friedrich Hoffmann… (more)
Second edition (first 1724) of Hoffmann’s “Complete Instruction for a safe, sensible and medically respected practice of medicine”: a very extensive baroque medical compendium.
Friedrich Hoffmann (1660-1742), a German physician, practised and taught medicine, chemistry and physics in Halle from 1693. He studied and wrote on such varied topics as paediatrics, mineral waters and meteorology and introduced many new drugs into medical practice (such as a compound spirit of ether branded “Anodyne” and “Hoffmanns-Tropfen” still today known as a household remedy). Hoffmann was among the first to describe several diseases, including appendicitis and German measles, and to recognize the regulatory role of the nervous system.
The work contains examinations of common ailments such as fever, infections, haemorrhaging, cramps, spasms and convulsions, consideration of the cerebral and nervous system, lymph and glands, female complaints and childhood illnesses. It also includes numerous medicinal recipes and cures. Not in Wellcome (the catalogue lists the first edition only); the NLM online catalogue lists the first edition of 1724 and another of 1743 only.(see full details)More details Price: £600.00
[TIPHAIGNE DE LA ROCHE, Charles-François.]
L’Amour Dévoilé, ou le Système des Simpathistes, où l’on explique l’origine de l’Amour, des Inclinations, des Simpathies, des Aversions, des Antipathies, etc.
[n.p. ?Low Countries],
First editions. Tiphaigne de la Roche’s L’Amour Dévoilé is a notable attempt to explain love and sexual attraction in mechanistic terms. The author considers the… (more)
First editions. Tiphaigne de la Roche’s L’Amour Dévoilé is a notable attempt to explain love and sexual attraction in mechanistic terms. The author considers the role of ‘la matière Sympathique’, which he believed to be a type of vapour exhaled by both animals and humans, and its action upon the senses of a member of the opposite sex. This rational approach to the subject makes overt reference to Leeuwenhoek who had explained the action of skin pores and appears to prefigure modern research into pheromones.
The author studied medicine at the University of Caen and practised as a physician. L’Amour Dévoilé is his first published work preceding several speculative and utopian novels, notably Giphantie (1760, the title an anagram of his name) in which he anticipated several modern developments including photography and synthetic food.
Pernetti, author of the moral romance Histoire de Favoride was a canon of the cathedral at Lyon and a prominent antiquary of that city. He was also a freemason and wrote a short treatise on that subject. Gay I, 115 (L’Amour Dévoilé).(see full details)
[HOLBERG, Ludvig, Baron].
Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum novam telluris theoriam...
Copenhagen and Leipzig: Jacob Preuss,
First edition. The Subterranean Voyage of Nicolas Klim is one of the classics of speculative and utopian fiction, written fifteen years after Swift's Gulliver's Travels… (more)
First edition. The Subterranean Voyage of Nicolas Klim is one of the classics of speculative and utopian fiction, written fifteen years after Swift's Gulliver's Travels and often compared favourably with that work. It is the first fully developed novel to be set in the earth's interior, a setting which has been utilised countless times in later science fiction. Klim, a poor student, falls through a hole in the earth just outside the Norwegian town of Bergen and finds himself on the inside of the earth's crust. He lands on the planet Nazar (which orbits a sun at the centre of the earth's cavity) where he finds a nation that lives according to the laws of reason and nature. The peasantry are considered very highly and therefore are the most distinguished class in the state; many of the highest offices are held by women, who are in every way equal to the men. Nazar presents an enlightened utopia, very much in the mould of the ideals of Montesquieu and Voltaire (who Holberg admired enormously) but Klim also travels to other states where the perfect state of society is not so fully developed or is perhaps degenerate, allowing a vivid comparison of political, social and philosophical systems.Holberg (like his hero Klim) was a native of Bergen at a time when Norway and Denmark existed as a twin kingdom. He saw himself as a fully European writer and the equal of the French philosophes. The majority of his works, including the present, first appeared in Latin, the universal language. The adventures of Nicolas Klim were immediately popular and were rapidly translated into all the major European languages.(see full details)More details Price: £2,750.00
CARUS, Carl Gustav.
Vorlesungen über Psychologie, gehalten im Winter 1829/30 zu Dresden...
Leipzig: Gerhard Fleischer for Adolf Frohberger,
First edition of one of Carus’s pioneering works in the emerging science of psychology. The author’s major contribution was in exploring the psychology of the… (more)
First edition of one of Carus’s pioneering works in the emerging science of psychology. The author’s major contribution was in exploring the psychology of the unconscious and he is considered the precursor of Jung (who acknowleged his debt to Carus) in this field. The author was a prolific figure who wrote on many aspects of psychology, medicine and philosophy. He was an accomplished landscape artist in the Romantic tradition and had studied under Caspar David Friedrich. He was also a friend of Nietzsche, Humboldt and Goethe.
The Vorlesungen über Psychologie is especially notable for its wide frame of reference outside the discipline of medicine. Many of Carus’s examples are drawn from literature, with a special emphasis on the works of Shakespeare: in the course of his argument he refers variously to Hamlet, Macbeth, Henry IV, Romeo and Juliet and Othello. OCLC lists the National Library of Medicine copy only outside Europe.(see full details)More details Price: £225.00
WEBER, Friedrich August.
Opuscula semiologica. I. De signis ex sputo.
Ulm: August Lebrecht Stettin,
First edition. Blake, 483; Waller 10136. (more)
First edition. Blake, 483; Waller 10136.(see full details)More details Price: £375.00
[DIGBY, Kenelm.] DIONIS, Charles.
Dissertation sur le taenia, ou ver-plat, dans laquelle on prouve que ce ver n’est pas solitaire. Avec une lettre sur la poudre de sympathie, propre contre le rhumatisme simple ou gouteux.
Paris: P. G. Le Mercier,
First edition. While Dionis’s consideration of the tape worm is fascinating enough (with its refutation of the theories of Nicolas Andry de Boisregard) the work… (more)
First edition. While Dionis’s consideration of the tape worm is fascinating enough (with its refutation of the theories of Nicolas Andry de Boisregard) the work is principally interesting for its larger part: Dionis’s edition of Sir Kenelm Digby’s account of the “Powder of Sympathy”, an alchemical preparation purported to cure wounds at a distance. Made from dried green vitriol, this was a variant of the well-known Paracelsian ‘weapon salve’ which cured wounds by being applied, not to the patient, but to the offending weapon. It is a measure of the endurance of belief in this cure that Dionis entered into a contemporary dispute concerning its use and provides a recipe for it. Pp. 65-266 here are occupied by Dionis’s introduction and by Digby’s text, first published in 1658. Wellcome II 471, Blake 121.(see full details)