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  • A General Atlas, being a Collection of Maps of the World and Quarters the Principal Empires, Kingdoms &c. with their several Provinces, & other Subdivisions, correctly delineated. by (STARBUCK FAMILY). (STARBUCK FAMILY). ~ A General Atlas, being a Collection of Maps of the World and Quarters the Principal Empires, Kingdoms &c. with their several Provinces, & other Subdivisions, correctly delineated. London: ‘Published Feb 1st 1800 by Robert Wilkinson’ [but this issue 1807].
    A Starbuck family atlas, owned by one of the British branch of the family, with annotations recording the Pacific discoveries of the whaling captain Valentine… (more)

    A Starbuck family atlas, owned by one of the British branch of the family, with annotations recording the Pacific discoveries of the whaling captain Valentine Starbuck [b. 1791]. The initials of the pencil Starbuck signature are difficult to decipher, but are likely to be ‘E.F.’, probably Edward Folger Starbuck [1801-1855] son of Samuel and Lucretia [Folger] Starbuck, New England Quakers who in the 1790s had settled at Milford Haven (Pembrokeshire, Wales). The early annotations mark the family origins at Nantucket and Martha’s Vineyard as well as Valentine Starbuck’s 1823 discovery of the Pacific Island which took his name [Starbuck made the discovery as captain of the British whaling ship L’Aigle while carrying King Kamehameha II of Hawaii and Queen Kamalu and their retinue to England. He settled in England thereafter and was living at the time this atlas was in use: he was probably a cousin of its owner]. The family were notable as a dynasty of Whalers, prosperous Quakers and Abolitionists, making this Atlas an evocative association.
    The annotations, in an early hand comprise:
    -Double hemisphere map: Starbuck Island marked on the map with the marginal note: ‘Starbuck Island Discovered by Captain Valentine Starbuck in the ship L’Aigle in latitude 5 deg. 58.1.2 min South and Longitude 155 deg 58 min West’
    -Mercator map: ‘Polynesia’ and ‘Australasia’ added in pale red ink.
    -Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Iceland map: ‘Duna’ and ‘Vistula’ rivers named at their mouths at Danzig and Riga.
    -Russia in Europe: Odessa named in pencil, the coastlines of the Black and Caspian seas extended into the margins.
    -Africa: Liberia coast marked with a pencil cross and the marginal note ‘Now Liberia American Col[…] Ap 28 1822. Colonists 2000 Native allies 10,000 Total cost 130,000 Dollars. Cost of each emigrant $30 ― was [?given] on landing 30 […] free of expense Freedom offered to many thousands more gratuitously Great aim of the “American Colonization Soc” to abolish the slave trade and slaveholding’.
    -The United States of America: red line drawn between the US and Canada with the note in the upper margin ‘Lake of the Woods. The Red line in the North part of this map is to represent neatly the Boundary lines between the United States and the British Colonies’. Nantucket and Martha’s Vineyard named in manuscript.
    -West Indies: Mexico City marked in the margin in red ink.
    Wilkinson’s Atlas was first published in 1794 and reissued with updated maps several times into the nineteenth century. The map of the United States in the present edition is of interest for its inclusion of the short-lived ‘Franklina’, located between Tennessee and North Carolina.

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  • Hannah BRECK. by [SAINT-MÉMIN, Charles Balthazar Julien Févret de. [SAINT-MÉMIN, Charles Balthazar Julien Févret de. ~ Hannah BRECK. Philadelphia, 1799].
    A rare ‘physionotrace’ portrait of Hannah Breck (1772-1846, later Mrs James Lloyd). The original charcoal and white chalk drawing from which it was engraved is… (more)

    A rare ‘physionotrace’ portrait of Hannah Breck (1772-1846, later Mrs James Lloyd). The original charcoal and white chalk drawing from which it was engraved is preserved at the Philadelphia Academy of the Fine Arts. Hannah Breck was daughter of statesman Samuel Breck (1747-1809), and sister to Samuel Breck (1771-1862), a congressman from Pennsylvania. She married James Lloyd (1769-1831), a senator from Massachusetts, and is referred to as Anna or Hannah in various sources.�

    Before the advent of photography the physionotrace was ‘the first system invented to produce multiple copies of a portrait, invented in 1786 by Gilles-Louis Chrétien (1774–1811). In his apparatus a profile cast by a lamp onto a glass plate was traced by an operator using a pointer connected, by a system of levers like a pantograph, to an engraving tool moving over a copper plate. The aquatint and roulette finished engraved intaglio plate, usually circular and small (50 mm), with details of features and costume, could be inked and printed many times’ (Photoconservation.com, sub Printing Processes).

    Saint-Mémin (1770-1852) had emigrated from France in 1793 to Switzerland, where he practiced as an engraver. Crossing the Atlantic to Canada and then the United States, he established a portrait business in New York with his compatriot Thomas Bluget de Valdenuit (who initially produced the drawings for Saint-Mémin to engrave). When Valdenuit returned to Paris, Saint-Mémin adopted an itinerant practice all over the East Coast states, working variously at Philadelphia, Richmond, Charleston and Burlington. He too returned to France in 1814, having destroyed his drawing apparatus in a symbolic end to a prolific artistic enterprise which produced more than a thousand different portraits of significant figures in American society, including Washington, Revere and Jefferson. Dexter, The St. Memin Collection of Portraits (New York, 1862), 24; Miles, Saint-Mémin and the Neoclassical Profile Portrait in America (Washington, 1994), 83.

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