[PHYSIOLOGIES]. HUART, Louis. ~ Physiologie du flâneur … Vignettes de MM. Alophe, Daumier et Maurisset. Paris, Aubert et Cie … Lavigne … 1841.
ALHOY, Maurice. Physiologie de la lorette … Vignettes de Gavarny … Paris, Aubert et Cie … Lavigne … . [And:]
SAINT-HILAIRE, Émile Marco de. Physiologie du troupier … Vignettes par Jules Vernier. Paris, Aubert et Cie … Lavigne … 1841. [And:]
SOULIÉ, Frédéric. Physiologie du bas-bleu … Vignettes de Jules Vernier. Paris, Aubert et Cie … Lavigne … .
4 works bound in one vol., 16mo (129 × 76 mm), pp. 126, ; –127, ; upper margin chipped in places; 125, ; 124, plus 4 pp. advertisements; modern calf, spine lettered gilt.
A nice collection of physiologies, one of the many such little books illustrative of ‘the craze that swept Paris in the early 1840s for a series of small illustrated volumes marketed under the general title of physiologies [looking back, perhaps, to Brillat-Savarin’s bestselling Physiologie du goût (1826) and Balzac’s Physiologie du marriage (1830)]. Some 120 different physiologies were issued by various Parisian publishers between 1840 and 1842 (ranging alphabetically from the Physiologie de l’amant to the Physiologie du voyageur), and it is estimated that approximately half a million copies of these pocket-sized books were printed during the same two-year span’ (Sieburth, p. 163).
Designed for mass consumption, these satirical guides to particular social types were based on ‘the witty interaction of image and text, drawing and caption, seeing and reading … Byproducts of the recent technological advances in printing and paper manufacturing which had made illustrated books more commercially feasible and analogous to the various dioramas and panoramas which enjoyed a considerable popularity during the period, these illustrated anthologies of urban sites and mores catered to the public’s desire to see its social space as a stage or gallery whose intelligibility was guaranteed both by its visibility as image and its legibility as text …
‘Quickly produced and marketed, consumed and discarded, … the physiologies (like the sensational tabloids or canards hawked on Paris streetcorners of the period) are early instances of the cheap, throwaway “instant book” whose appeal lies in its very topicality and ephemerality’ (op. cit., pp. 165–7). Richard Sieburth, ‘Same difference: the French Physiologies, 1840–1842’, Notebooks in Cultural Analysis (Duke UP, 1984), pp. 163–200.