The translation is by Abdullah Cevdet (1869-1932), the Ottoman-born (but of Kurdish extraction) physician, writer, translator and intellectual; one of the principal ideologists for the Young Turks movement from 1895 to 1909 and who played a significant role in Turkish political agenda of 1900s. He was tried several times for blasphemy as his writings were considered anti-Islamic. He was also the translator of the important literary and scientific texts from German and English. He is a fascinating figure, who, who attempted to adapt European literature and philosophy to his Islamic heritage. His early poetry was much influenced the by French symbolists, and his thinking was heavily influenced by the Enlightenment example of Voltaire, Lombroso and Holbach..see full details
First edition of Le Tourneur’s monumental translation, instrumental in securing Shakespeare’s reputation in France.more...
Preceded only by La Place’s pioneering but partial translations (1745-49) and by some individual translations by Voltaire and Ducis, Le Tourneur’s is the first attempt at the complete works. Inspired by the 1769 Shakespeare Jubilee, Le Tourneur prefaces the collection with a long account of the Stratford celebrations presided over by David Garrick (taken without acknowledgement from Benjamin Victor’s History of the Theatres of London, 1771) and with a biography drawn mainly from Rowe. There is also an important critical essay using materials from Rowe, Pope, Theobald, Hanmer, Johnson and Sewell. The extensive subscribers’ lists (a second lists new subscribers since the start of publication) contains prominent names in both France and England.
The story of Shakespeare’s slow acceptance in France, in the face of prevailing classicism, is well known — Le Tourneur’s translations were the first to allow French readers to make their own judgements and they perfectly reflect the transition from classicism to romanticism in French culture. Indeed, the preface is considered to contain the very first printed appearance of the word ‘romantique’ in the French language, with Le Tourneur referring to the suitably romantic prospect of a clouded landscape and then stressing the need for both the word and the concept in French.
The edition provoked the ire of the ageing Voltaire (always ambivalent to Shakespeare) who on receiving the first volume wrote in a letter to friend: ‘I must tell you how upset I am for the honour of the theatre, against a certain Tourneur, who is said to be Secretary of [La Librairie], but who does not seem to me the Secretary of Good taste. Have you read two volumes by this miserable fellow, in which he wants to make us all treat Shakespeare as the only model of true tragedy?... What is frightful is that this monster had a following in France; and the height of calamity and horror is that it was I who was once the first to speak of this Shakespeare, it was I who was the first to show the French some pearls that I discovered in his enormous dung-heap’ (translated by Davidson, Voltaire: a life, 2010, p. 439)..see full details
Dumas’s Kean was first performed in Paris just three years after the English actor’s death and was re-invented by Sartre in the 1950s for Pierre Brasseur, on the actor’s suggestion.more...
The premiere took place on 14 November 1953 and was directed by A.-M Julien. This copy of the programme is signed by Brasseur and by Roger Pigaut, Claude Gensac and Georges Paumier. The play was a great success and was published by Gallimard in 1954..see full details
First edition of this play, copy on large and thick paper.more...
Marescalchi was born in Bologna, then in the Papal States, on 26 February 1754, into a noble family, he became a hereditary member of the Senate of that town. He later supported Napoleon in Italy and prospered under his patronage..see full details
A dramatic adaptation of Fielding’s Tom Jones for the French stage by Choudard-Desforges, with its sequel. The plays were written for performance by the Comédie-Italienne, of which the playwright Desforges had been a member..see full details
Considered to be the best play the author wrote in the traditional medium, a landmark in the history of the Italian theatre. The author was later the first Italian playwright to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. .see full details